Safeguard measures (English: safeguard measures) is the temporary import restriction on one or several types of goods when their rapid increase in imports causes or threatens to cause serious injury to the manufacturing industry. domestic. Safeguard measures are only applied to goods and not to services, investments or intellectual property.
Each member country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) has the right to apply trade remedies, but when applying, they must ensure compliance with the provisions of the WTO (on conditions, procedures, methods of application. safeguard measures).
Currently, countries around the world tend to increase trade defenses, the number of trade defense statistics is as follows:
Thus, through the statistics table, it can be seen that the number of safeguard measures and the number of countervailing measures are very low compared to the number of anti-dumping cases. However, the trend of investigating the application of safeguard measures in the first 9 months of 2019 has changed markedly. The number of self-defense cases has increased compared to previous years. Within 9 months, WTO Members have initiated an investigation of a total of 27 safeguard cases. This is the highest number of cases in the last 15 years and with the current trend, the number of cases that can exceed the highest level of self-defense cases ever achieved in 2002 (34 cases).
Number of cases initiating an investigation to apply safeguard measures in the first 9 months of 2019
|Number of cases||3||0||0||8||1||1||2||3||9|
Most of the countries that initiated the initiation of safeguard measures were developing country Members, opting for the safeguard measures only because they only needed to prove the increase in imports and damages. seriousness of the domestic manufacturing industry. In particular, Madagasca is the country with the highest number of cases initiating a self-defense investigation with 06 cases. It is worth noting that the Investigation Agency of this country has just started the first investigations in 2018 (03 cases). The case of Madagasca is very similar to Vietnam in 2011 and 2012. At that time, the second safeguard case was initiated, resulting in an increase in the number of trade remedies. Up to now, the total number of trade defense cases initiated by Vietnam have been nearly 20.
Thus, through the statistics of the Department of Trade Remedies, it can be seen that many countries have actively started investigating trade remedies, the number of trade defense cases in the coming time will increase sharply.